It’s not even close. Social media can be an effective teaching tool, but many educators are alarmed at the role it plays in heightening student anxiety and stress. Must watch: Why @SacTeachers are striking for their students. 📺 #SCTA4Students #WeAreCTA pic.twitter.com/XQh76nForJ — Sac Teachers (@SacTeachers) April 9, homework market 2019 /**/ /**/ Sacramento’s Kara Synhorst, an English teacher of nearly 20 years, captured the sentiments of many educators in a video posted to Facebook: “I’m offended and insulted at the way teachers are being portrayed…My union has offered ways for the district to save money…If anyone is refusing to come to the table, it’s Mr. Discussions centered on how the reduced costs in the district’s healthcare plan would generate more money. In an interview with Education Week, Fisher said, “This really feels like a betrayal…If a district can just throw up their hands and say, ‘Yeah, we know we agreed, but now our budget situation has changed, so we’re not going to do it anymore,’ that sets a terrible precedent for what districts can do when they sign agreements.” One of the priorities of a new professional association she is co-founding, the National Partnership for Family, School, and Community Engagement, will be to push the federal government to ask better questions and collect data about school strategies that really engage families, not just ask superficial questions about commonplace practices like helping with homework or attending a back-to-school night. “There is a large body of reliable research that shows well-designed family engagement practices are associated with higher grades, higher test scores, better attendance, more motivation, and the move to post-secondary education,” Henderson says. “The last thing parents should do is get off the stage.” Related Post: Should Schools Be Done With Homework? Top Five Myths and Lies About Teachers and Their Profession Survey: Most Teachers Want Involved Parents But Don’t Have Them For more information on family-school partnerships, visit nea.org/parents According to a recent report from the Pew Research Center, 95% of teens use a smartphone, and 45% say they are online almost constantly. Since then, the district has committed 31 unfair labor practices.
Source: 2018 Children’s Mental Health Report, Child Mind Institute If teens were to follow up high social media usage with lots of time spent socializing in person, the effects perhaps wouldn’t be so adverse. The Child Mind Institute’s 2018 Children’s Mental Health Report focuses on anxiety in teenagers, spotlighting the prevalent role of social media has in their lives. But in most cases, they aren’t. This resulted in deficit spending for the first time in years. On one hand, it’s not surprising that an attempt to upend decades of research that demonstrate the value of parental involvement scored big in the media.
In her classroom, says teacher Cori McAbee, the opposite is true. “Social media has crippled my students when it comes to interacting with one another in person. In some cases, they may actually hinder it.” This finding was fairly consistent, they noted, regardless of race, ethnic background or socioeconomic status. Aguilar and the district. Henderson, a senior consultant at the Annenberg Institute for School Reform and a leading expert on the relationship between families and schools, agrees and says Robinson and Harris draw upon a limited body of federal survey data to cobble together some rather expansive and faulty conclusions. It magnifies their sense of isolation,” says Richter. Harris, with the headline … drum roll please … “Parental Involvement is Overrated.” “Most people, asked whether parent involvement benefits children academically, would say ‘of course it does,’” Robinson and Harris wrote. “But evidence from our research suggests otherwise.
The district was in the best financial position in its history up until 2017, when the contract was being bargained. Yet too many teens, according to these experts, are substituting real life interactions for instagram posts, and paying the price. NEA supports thousands of educators in #RedForEd, a national movement that lifts the veil on inequity in public education. About a third of teens surveyed by the CDC said they’d felt persistent sadness or hopelessness. The very definition of “social” media may be misleading, according to experts who are finding that the more time teens spend on social media, the lonelier and more anxious they are. One would think all this near constant “socializing” would make teens feel more connected than ever before.
In November 2017, after more than a year of bargaining, SCTA and the district settled and signed a bargaining contract with a commitment to reprioritize resources toward students and classrooms. Instead, the district went on a “spending spree, adding more than $6 million in vacation buyouts for top administrators,” explains David Fisher. The plan was to negotiate further down the road and apply those savings toward schools. The local argues that instead of honoring the contract, the district mismanaged funds and is now $35 million in the red. Because research into social media and education is still generally in its infancy, many educators are still trying to fully understand the effects of these technologies.
Anyone who follows education news and trends has come to expect that every few months a new research report or book will be released that dishes up a counter-narrative too irresistible for the media to pass up. A state takeover threat looms over the district, too. Now, the district is back tracking on the mutually agreed upon contract that meets the needs of students. NEA launches #BlackLivesMatteratSchool, a site that provides educators with resources for discussions about race, highlights stories of educators and students who have stood together for racial justice, and links to art and videos to support and inspire activism. Visit NEA EdJustice to learn more. It’s electronic,” explains Barkley, who has been studying smartphone use and students since 2013. “The higher the cellphone use, the more time spent on social media, and the higher the anxiety.
Shannon Faulkner 1993: NEA provides first local leader training to local presidents incorporating issues and concerns of gay, lesbian, and bisexual employees. 1994: Shannon Faulkner endures insults, intimidation, and death threats for trying to attend The Citadel—a state-supported military college that for more than 150 years barred admission to women. Teens are more lonely, anxious and depressed than ever. Social Media and Anxiety In 2018, the Centers for Disease Control issued some sobering statistics about student anxiety and depression. On April 14, we had a whopper serving, courtesy of The New York Times (and probably an overzealous headline writer) On that day, the Times ran an op-ed by two sociologists, Keith Robinson and Angel L. In supporting their claims, Robinson and Harris trumpeted their analysis of numerous longitudinal surveys covering demographic and socioeconomic data on American families, information about various forms of parental engagement, and academic outcomes (translation: test scores) of elementary middle and high school students. There really isn’t anything “groundbreaking” about this conclusion, which is why Henderson wrote a book in 2007 called Beyond the Bake Sale: The Essential Guide to Family/School Partnerships.
Henderson also points out that much of Robinson’s and Harris’ works fails to take into account that correlation does not equal causation. “What very well may be happening is that parents of kids who are struggling are the parents who are trying to help their kids with homework,” Henderson explains. “So it’s not necessarily the case that the parents’ help is causing the kids to do worse, it’s the fact that the kids are doing poorly that has triggered the parents to help.” Furthermore, while Henderson and other experts acknowledge that sitting down and helping students complete homework assignments can be problematic- especially if the parent doesn’t really understand what is being taught in class – strategies exist that are more useful. “We do know from a wide body of research that if schools use, for example, interactive homework assignments, their classroom will have higher student performance on a variety of measures, including test scores, on the subjects the assignments cover.” Henderson says. “The Robinson/Harris study didn’t consider that body of research.” As with many of the other parent involvement practices the researchers cover, help with homework generally falls into that category of conventional practices that have already been recognized as being potentially ineffective. The #RedForEd wave hits Sacramento. Thousands of educators, students, and parents will hit the picket lines to demand that SCUSD keep its promise to lower class sizes and increase student services—and to act lawfully and remedy its illegal actions that are hurting nearly 50,000 Sacramento public school students. While she sees some value in pointing out some of the drawbacks of “garden variety” forms of parental engagement, Henderson cites numerous weaknesses in Robinson’s and Harris’ work, including the absence of any new data collected by the authors, the lack of proper context to a lot of the data (especially around the information provided by parents about their school-related activities) and the obviously flawed use of student test scores as the only measure of success. Their very ability to communicate is deteriorating,” says McAbee, who teaches 11th grade English in Rutherford County, North Carolina. On April 11, more than 2,800 Sacramento educators went on a one-day strike to protest the Sacramento City Unified School District’s (SCUSD) bad faith bargaining and to support a fair settlement that includes additional resources, such as art and music, smaller class sizes, more school nurses, and psychologists.
The contract also includes an 11 percent increase in teacher salaries. “[The strike] grows out of frustration of the failure of the superintendent to honor a contract that he signed more than a year ago, and the continued treatment of our contract [as] optional, [instead of] something that’s binding on both parties,” David Fisher, a second-grade teacher and president of the Sacramento City Teachers Association (SCTA), said in an interview. In fact, most forms of parental involvement … do not improve student achievement. In fact, the very use of the term “parental involvement” reflects a somewhat stale approach to a dynamic and complex issue. “The field has moved on to advocate for much higher impact strategies that use a broader and more inclusive definition of family engagement rather than just ‘parent involvement,’” explains Henderson. In her study, Twenge discovered that students who spend more time using smartphones and other electronic devices are less satisfied with their lives than students who frequently engage in face-to-face interaction. “We found that teens who spent five or more hours a day online were 71 percent more likely than those who spent less than an hour a day to have at least one suicide risk factor (depression, thinking about suicide, making a suicide plan or attempting suicide). Don’t ask us to negotiate a new one when you won’t even implement the last one—because [as] my students already know: A deal is a deal.” Synhorst was speaking directly to Aguilar. Still, the general lack of skepticism – almost completely absent in Goldstein’s story in The Atlantic – is pretty discouraging. We have a contract.
As developmental psychologist Marilyn Price-Mitchell wrote in Psychology Today responding to Robinson and Harris, “when researchers use ‘big data’ to draw simple conclusions, it can potentially harm children.” Anne T. The Association files several amicus briefs challenging discriminatory laws, including North Carolina’s H.B. 2., which bans transgender people from using the bathroom of the gender with which they identify. (AP Photo/Andres Kudacki) 2018: NEA files an amicus brief on President Donald Trump’s Executive Order banning travelers and refugees from certain Muslim-majority countries, stating that the ban violates the Constitution’s Establishment Clause by disfavoring a religious group and gives oxygen to the fires of bias, bullying, and discord. It turns out, liking a post, commenting “Cute,” or keeping up with a “snapchat streak” isn’t the same as catching up. The superintendent is Jorge Aguilar, whose refusal to honor the contract has led to the city’s first strike in nearly 30 years. But this wasn’t always the case.
SCTA members voted by 92.3 percent to protest the unlawful, unfair labor practices by superintendent and the school board. Social media, says John Richter, director of Public Policy at the Mental Health Association, believes social media is exacerbating this trend. “Researchers are finding that when someone develops depression and withdraws from peers, they see other people on social media smiling and at parties with friends. The Times is actually just the latest, although most visible, media property to spotlight Robinson’s and Harris’ findings. Overall, suicide risk factors rose significantly after two or more hours a day of time online,” Twenge wrote in 2017. About 70% of teens are on Snapchat and Instagram, while 85% are on Youtube. In March, Dana Goldstein discussed their research in a widely-shared story for The Atlantic Monthly titled, referencing one of the parental involvement activities singled out in the research, “Don’t Help Your Kids With Their Homework.” And their book, The Broken Compass: Parental Involvement With Children’s Education was published by Harvard University Press in December 2013.
NEA signs onto friend-of the-court briefs supporting the challenges to single-sex institutions. 2005: As key provisions of the Voting Rights Act are set to expire, NEA lobbies for reauthorization. 2013: NEA is a vocal, unequivocal advocate of commonsense immigration reform, pushing Congress to stand by Dreamers; preserve the unity of family, and create a realistic path to citizenship for the 11 million aspiring citizens who already call America home. 2016: NEA Representative Assembly delegates adopt a resolution to prevent acts of discrimination and violence targeted at people who identify as LGBTQ. The report reveals serious barriers preventing students of color from obtaining an adequate/excellent education and underscores the need to create equality of educational opportunities for all students.
Their advice? “Set the stage” for your kids by impressing upon them the importance of education and then leave it. There’s a correlation between smartphone usage and lower satisfaction with life, according to Jacob Barkley, professor of health sciences at Kent State University. “Interaction on social media is not beneficial. Peer relationships actually get worse the more you use your phone.” Jean Twenge, a psychology professor at San Diego State University, reached similar conclusions in 2017.